The Türkmen nation has traced marks as magnificent as those of Great
Britain, of the Great Indian Nation and of The Great Chinese Nation.
flag of the Türkmen nation is her pure honour.
greatness of every Türkmen is the greatness of her nation.
Türkmen nation gave these to the world:
Türkmen clothing and finery,
the species of the yellowish sheep.
the era of the Gaznaly Mahmyt, the Seljuk Kingdom, Köneürgenç states,
Türkmen was the leading nation in
the science, literature, and art in the world. Türkmens introduced the
Türkmen civilization to others.
the collapse of the Harzemªah state, which had supported science,
literature and the spiritual world, the Türkmen’s eminent
philosophers, scholars, literati, artists and craftsmen spread not only
through Turkey, but also, by another route, to Caucasus, Anatolia,
Arabia and from there passed though Egypt to Spain. In this way, the
scientific achievement of the Türkmen nations became the ferment of
European scientific advancement. The Türkmen wheel precipitated the
scientific progress of the world. The life-style of the Türkmens made a
great contribution to the improvement of science, production and
industry. Later those issues will be analysed in depth.
want to make the young Türkmen alert to this simple fact and to awaken
his whole heart and mind to this fact. Why is the Türkmen people a
great people? There are various reasons. “Ruhnama” focuses on
all those great Türkmens. They are great because such great Türkmens
made their own historians and foreign historians say that the Türkmen
has been alive for five thousand years.
Türkmen is all the greater for valuing creativity. These values were
quickly accepted in the early ages of mankind. Within these values,
there are both moral and material values.
most immediately visible aspects of our nation are the striking material
values: the horse, the carpet, our musical instruments (dutar),
jewellery and ornaments, local/native breed/species dog (alabay),
the yellowish breed of sheep and the genus of white wheat. It is obvious
that there is no need to find evidence to prove that these belong to the
Türkmens. They are there in full view for all to see. Moreover these
values are all pure values which have reached the zenith of their
maturity in their areas. In short, these are unique and inimitable
values without compare.
and uniqueness here is the main measure of the value. These kinds of
values clearly demonstrate the perfection and uniqueness of the free
development of Türkmens as one nation because in its perfection the
work shows the craftsman’s mastery. The measurement of the perfection
of the work is the measurement of the skill, the physical and moral powers,
and the quality of striving which have been given to the master by
Allah. These are one dimension of the matter.
was white wheat five thousand years ago, too.
same must be said of the Türkmen horse of Ahalteke, the Türkmen
iti (dog), the carpet and the other artefacts.
all this there arises the inevitable conclusion that these values are
precisely the proof, clear to the naked eye, that the Türkmen nation is
a nation with a history of five thousand years.
the first things that Oguz Han implemented were the use of the national
Oguz alphabet and the wagon for during military campaigns. These were
fundamental to other inventions which would contribute to various
developments at a world level.
ox-cart with two wooden wheels, which was invented by the leader of the
tribe of Kaòly, was the second important contribution of Türkmens to
have transmitted these two inventions up to the present through the
course of history. Undoubtedly, the wagon has lent speed to history and
to life. The design of our alphabet has changed throughout history; and
today we see it in the form of the embroidery on Türkmen carpets.